High Blood Pressure Information

High blood pressure (HBP) is a condition, wherein the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries, as the heart pumps out blood, is more than the normal range. Commonly known as hypertension, HBP can lead to coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure and other health problems. High blood pressure can be classified into two types - essential or primary hypertension, of which no specific medical cause is explained, and secondary hypertension, which is the result of another medical problem (such as kidney disease or tumors). There are numerous reasons that lead to high blood pressure in a person. In the following lines, we have provided information on the various causes and symptoms of high blood pressure.

Causes Of High Blood Pressure

  • Taking too much stress
  • Faulty style of living
  • Excessive smoking
  • Excessive intake of intoxicants, tea, coffee
  • Eating refined foods in excess
  • Hardening of the arteries
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Excessive intake of common salt
  • High fat diet
  • Low fiber diet
  • Genetic factors
  • Kidney abnormalities
  • Tumors of the adrenal gland
  • Certain congenital heart defects
  • Certain medications, such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants, over-the-counter pain relievers, etc
  • Illegal drugs, such as cocaine and amphetamines
  • High intake of sodium
  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Pregnancy
  • Thyroid dysfunction
  • Lack of exercise
Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure
  • Dizziness or dizzy spells
  • Headache
  • Nosebleeds
  • Pain at the back of head and neck
  • Palpitations
  • Pain in the heart region
  • Frequent urination
  • Nervous tension
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of Breath
  • Tinnitus
  • Confusion
  • Abnormal heart rhythms

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