Asthma Information

A chronic respiratory disease, asthma refers to a condition in which a person faces difficulty in breathing. In this disease, the airways gets constricted and inflamed. While the muscles inside the bronchial walls tighten up, the airways produce extra mucus, thereby blocking the passage of air. An incurable disease, asthma is often triggered when a person is exposed to irritants. From being mild to life-threatening ailment, asthma can affect everyone, right from men and women to children. There are various reasons for the occurrence of asthma. In the following lines, we have provided the main causes and symptoms of asthma.

Causes Of Asthma

  • Hereditary i.e. acquired from family members
  • Breathing polluted air
  • Environmental factors, such as presence of pollens, molds, etc
  • Exposure to airborne allergens, such as dust mites, cockroaches, etc
  • Exposure to irritants, such as tobacco smoke
  • Changes in diet, such as high intake of processed foods and salt or low intake of antioxidants
  • Lack of exercise
  • Occupational exposure to irritants
  • Inhaling respiratory irritants, such as perfumes and cleaning products
  • Emotional excitement or stress
  • Exposure to cold, dry weather
  • Upper respiratory infection, such as a cold, flu, sinusitis, or bronchitis
  • Certain types of medicines
  • Additives and preservatives in certain foods, such as wine, salad dressings, beer and dehydrated soups
  • Temperature changes

Symptoms Of Asthma

  • Coughing, especially at night
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness, pain or pressure
  • Breathing changes
  • Sneezing
  • Moodiness
  • Headache
  • Runny/stuffy nose
  • Chin or throat itches
  • Feeling tired
  • Dark circles under eyes
  • Trouble in sleeping
  • Poor tolerance of exercise
  • Difficulty in talking or concentrating
  • Decrease or change in lung function
  • Gray or bluish tint to skin, beginning around the mouth
  • Hunched shoulders
  • Inward movement of neck area and the area between or below the ribs, while breathing

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